Quran and Halaal

Only Shariah Decides What is Halal and What is Haram

{ قُلْ مَنْ حَرَّمَ زِينَةَ اللَّهِ الَّتِي أَخْرَجَ لِعِبَادِهِ وَالطَّيِّبَاتِ مِنَ الرِّزْقِ قُلْ هِيَ لِلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا خَالِصَةً يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ كَذَلِكَ نُفَصِّلُ الْآيَاتِ لِقَوْمٍ يَعْلَمُونَ } [الأعراف: 32]

Translation:

 Say, “Who has prohibited the adornment Allah has brought forth for His servants, and the wholesome things of sustenance?” say, “ They are for the believers during this worldly life (though shared by others), while they are purely for them on the Day of resurrection. This is how we elaborate the verses for the people who understand.”  

Brief Commentary and Interpretation:

Before embracing Islam, the Arabs used to be naked while performing Tawaaf (i.e. circumambulation round the Ka’abah). Besides, some of the Arab tribes had declared some types of meat to be Haraam.


In the Aayah under review, Allah has condemned those people, saying that He has created dress as a thing of adornment for people, and hence, it is one of His blessings. Similarly, He has declared wholesome foodstuff to be Halaal for mankind. Thus, it is clear that all these are Allah’s blessings. Then, why the non-believers have declared them to be Haraam?
But since Allah has declared these things to be His blessings, the non-Muslims might think that they are also enjoying these blessings. Therefore, Allah has also made it clear that His blessings in this world are common to all, but in the hereafter, they will be specific for the believers alone. Hence, if the non-Muslims are also enjoying these blessings in this world, it does not mean that they are loved or liked by Allah.
This Aayah gives us some fundamental teachings about halal and haram such as:

  1. Only Shariah is to decide what is Halaal and what is haraam; creatures are not at all allowed to do so;
  2. The Shariah scholars do not declare a thing to be Halaal or Haraam of their own accord. Rather, they find out the Shariah ruling on things in the Quran and the Sunnah and make others aware of it;
  3. It is not permissible to declare something Halaal to be Haraam and the vice versa, or to declare something Tahir to be Najis and the vice versa, without Shariah research and proof.
  4. One should avoid and refrain from Mashbooh (doubtful) things on the basis of piety; but it is not permissible to declare such things to be Haraam without research and proof.
  5. Nowadays, several people and organizations are running campaigns to stop consuming meat and other animal-based products in the name of protecting the animal rights. The Muslims should not support them because the very concept propounded by them is against the teachings of Islam.